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Today 20th may is “World Bee day”

World Bee Day is celebrated on May 20. On this day Anton Janša, the pioneer of beekeeping, was born in 1734.

The purpose of the international day is to acknowledge the role of bees and other pollinators for the ecosystem.[1]

The UN Member States approved Slovenia’s proposal to proclaim 20 May as World Bee Day in December 2017.[2]

Slovenia proposed that the United Nations (UN) proclaim 20 May as World Bee Day. On 20 December 2017, following three years of international efforts, the UN Member States unanimously approved Slovenia’s proposal and 20 May was proclaimed World Bee Day.

Anton Janša’s birthday, 20 May, was declared World Bee Day at the initiative of Slovenian beekeepers.

The fact that Slovenia is an important name in the field of beekeeping is best illustrated by our rich history, which is inextricably linked to this important agricultural industry. In his book The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola, Janez Vajkard Valvazor mentioned beehives in the form of houses and the people who took care of their tiny inhabitants. In the 18th century, significant progress was made by Peter Pavel Glavar (1721–1784) in the field of beekeeping knowledge in the territory of present-day Slovenia. He founded the first beekeeping school in Komenda and later in Lanšprež in the Dolenjska region. His translation of Treatise on the Swarming of Bees is important, as is his report Response to the Proposal to Improve Beekeeping in Imperial and Royal Hereditary Lands, wherein he described the method of beekeeping in Slovenia and introduced some important technical innovations, such as the method of breeding queens, breeding queens outside a hive and transporting bees to pasture.

The most outstanding figure of Slovenian beekeeping is Anton Janša, the first beekeeping teacher at the Viennese imperial court, who in the 18th century completely revised the hitherto beekeeping methods based on his findings and laid the foundations of modern beekeeping. Janša was the first beekeeping teacher in the court of the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa. By introducing beekeeping methods that were successfully used by Carniolan beekeepers, he caused a real revolution in the beekeeping of the time.

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